Conservatism

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  • Conservatism
    • Origins
      • In reaction to liberalism in order to protect the monarchy
      • They were the landed Gentry - Aristocrats
      • Opposed the ideals and principles of the French revolution
      • Burke "change in order to preserve" defended the existing political order
      • The aristocracy needs to change in order to stay in charge
    • Core Themes
      • Property
        • Property creates order as it encourages people to respect others possesions
        • Conservatives see that property allows social values to pass down generations
        • People seek security, having private property is reassuring
      • Tradition
        • Association with conservatives faith and religion. Things exist because god wanted the too.
        • Gives a sense of identity which promotes social security
        • Wisdom of the past, institutions have worked in the past so are likely to work in the future e.g. the church
      • Hierarchy and Authority
        • Believe in strong leadership and discipline
        • Liberals believe the state gets its power from the social contract
        • Believe iinequality is natural and believe in natural aristocracy
      • Human Imperfection
        • conservatives make pragmatic change based in history and tradition
        • Oakshott - "the cure is worse than the disease"
        • Justifies strong law and order
        • Human beings are psychologically limited and dependant creatures
      • Organic Society
        • humans are social creatures
        • is as much about responsibility and obligations as it is about enjoying ones individuality
    • Types
      • Authoritarian
      • Paternalistic Conservatism
      • Christian Democracy
      • Libertarian Conservatism
      • One nation
  • New Right
    • Types
      • Authoritarian
      • Paternalistic Conservatism
      • Christian Democracy
      • Libertarian Conservatism
      • One nation

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