Butler and intuition

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  • Conscience: Butler
    • Introduction
      • He was a church of England Bishop and theologian.
      • Saw Conscience as the 'final moral decision maker.'
      • Our ability to reason and rationalise makes us different from all other animals.
        • This was his evidence for the existence of Conscience.
      • "There is a principle of reflection in men by which they distinguish between approval and disapproval of their own actions, this principle in man is conscience."
    • Humans are motivated by 2 basic principles:
      • 1. Self love (only interested in our well-being).
        • Conscience encourages human beings away from self love and towards the happiness and interests of others.
      • 2. Benevolence (actively seeking the well-being of others).
    • Conscience enables us to judge the rightness or wrongness of actions (Aquinas)
      • This ability is given to us through our intuition and it comes forward in times of moral decision making without having to be called upon.
        • Therefore, people will know right from wrong through their intuition.
    • Conscience is: "Our natural guide, the guide assigned to us by the Author of our nature."
      • Therefore, it is the final judge of right and wrong that must be obeyed.
    • It is the ultimate and binding authority that originated from God.
    • He was quick to condemn someone who believed that a wrong action was believed to be correct by their conscience.
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