Conscience

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  • Conscience
    • Aquinas
      • Theological Approach
        • Ratio
          • Reason (every human has this ability)
          • Made with reason (God has made us part of nature)
        • Syenderesis Rule
          • We aim to do good and avoid evil
          • Natural ability to aim towards primary prescepts
        • Conscience
          • Is a process; Ratio > Syenderesis > Conscientia
        • Conscientia
          • Selecting and applying knowledge gained from syenderesis and ratio
          • Action of applying the precepts and making a judgement
      • Ignorance / Evil
        • Vincible; actions we can avoid
          • e.g stealing, drinking, killing
          • We are responsible lack of reasoning
        • Invincible; actions we cant avoid
          • e.g child doing something naughty
          • We are not responsible
    • Frued
      • Conscience
        • I.D
          • Part of personality you are born with
          • Demanding; infant notions; 'I want' and other desires
          • Unconscious demands, e.g baby knows what they want unconsciously based on pleasure principle
          • If you followed the ID alone, you would do nothing but basic instincts
          • Pleasure Principle
        • Super Ego
          • Develops at age of 4
          • Works on morality principle
          • Encourages good actions based on our conscience
          • (Conscience is given to us by parents, society indicating what is right and wrong
          • The ego ideal, is the ideal people have of what they should be like
          • The 'you cant have' part of personality
          • A desire to follow what is expected of us
        • Ego
          • Rational part of the personality
          • Works on reality principle, tries to detain what the ID wants
          • Works out how to satisfy the person
          • Develops from age of 18 months
          • Balances Super ego and ID
      • Pyscho Sexual development
        • Oedipus Complex (Sexually attracted to parents)
        • Oral (0-2)
        • Anal (2-3)
        • Phallic (3-7)
        • Latency(7-11)
        • Genital (11- forever)
        • During these stages if something negative happens it will effect future
    • Strengths and Weakness
      • Both suggest conciousness is a process Aquinas > Thinking , Freud > Developmental
      • Aquinas
        • Strength
          • Can account for errors
            • We do think and process
              • Fletcher > 'Conscience is a verb not a noun'
            • People aim for evil
              • What about revelation?
                • Newman > Conscience is voice of God
                  • Butler > Intuition from God
        • Weakness
      • Freud
        • Strength
          • Lots of evidence
          • Mary Bell
          • Fraum > Over estimates authority figures
          • Too anecdotal
          • Too focused on sex
        • Weakness
        • Piaget supports with cognitive development
          • Childhood has big impact

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