Connectionist Theory

Connectionist Theory

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  • Connectionist Theory
    • Involves connecting a stimulus to a response
      • Connection forms a stimulus - response bond ( S-R bond)
        • S-R bond is formed and strengthened by the process of reinforcemet
    • Reinforcement is the process that causes a response to reoccur by forming and strengthening the S-R learning bond
    • There are 2 types of reinforcement
      • Positive Reinforcement
        • 1 After successful response, teacher gives PRAISE
        • 3 Praise = 'well done!'
        • 2 Praise is given as a SATISFIER which forms S-R bond
      • Negative Reinforcement
        • 1 Involves withdrawing a negative or aversive stimulus
        • 2 E.g. a teacher may show disapproval when a poor response is given by the learner
        • 3 When the learner eventually responds correctly the aversive stimulus of disapproval is withdrawn and replaced by satisfier
        • 4 Negative reinforcement weakens the incorrect learning bond but it also strengthens the correct learning bond
    • Punishment
      • Involves giving a noxious stimulus to a performer to prevent a response from occuring
    • Operant Conditioning is major connectionist theory
      • it is effective in the learning of motor programmes and in the encouragement of BAHL


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