CRTF #13 Conjugal Roles and Domestic Chores Factors: 9. The Impact of Paid Work

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  • Conjugal Roles and Domestic Chores Factors:                                9. The Impact of Paid Work
    • Morris -1990
      • In such families you would expect men to compensate for the fact that they are not working by doing the housework and childcare
      • Studied families where the husband is unemployed and the wife works,.
      • However Morris found that the men in her sample did little more housework than before they lot their jobs because they felt that their masculinity was threatened by being unemployed, and to do housework would further emasculate them
    • Man-Yee Kan - 2001
      • For example every 10,000 increase in the women's annual income reduced her weekly housework time by two hours
      • Found income from employment, age and education effected how much housework women did: better-paid, younger, better educated women did less housework
    • Gershuny 1994
      • Found that wives who worked full-time did less domestic work
        • Couples whose parents had a more equal relationship were likely to share housework more equally themselves
        • wives who did not go to work did 83% of the housework, even wives who worked part time still did 82%
        • Wives who worked full time did 73% of the housework, The longer the wife had been in paid work, the more housework her husband was likely to do
      • He explains this trend towards greater equality in terms of a gradual change in values and parental role
      • He argues that social  values are gradually adapting to the fact that women are now working full-time
    • Sullvans- 2000
      • In particular, there was an increase in the numbers of couples with an equal division of labour and men were participating more in traditional "women's" tasks
      • Analysis of nationally representative data collected in 1975, 1987 and 1997 found a trend towards greater equality as men did more domestic labour
    • Crompton- 1997
      • As women's earning power increased relative to means, so men do more in the home
      • Supports Gershuny's view, but ex[plains it differently in terms of economic factors rather than changing values and role models


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