CRFT #5 Conjugal Roles and Domestic Chores Factors: 1. Social Change- Dial Burden

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  • Conjugal Roles and Domestic Chores Factors: 1. Social Change- Dial Burden
    • Gershuny (1992-1999)
      • Looked at social changes and the rise in proportion of wives taking paid employment outside the homes
    • Oakley argues that women had increasingly been taking in a Dual-Burden/Double-shift, they have retained primary responsibility for household tasks while also being expected to have paid employment
    • Gershuny pointed out that this could lead to increased inequality between husbands and wives as a raising proportion of women suffer from this dual burden
    • He examined data and found tht owmen in 1997 continued to do in excess of 60% of the domestic work even when both partners were working full time
    • However a gradual shift towards husbands doing a higher proportion of domestic work was being shown
    • Evidence so far indicates that women are still more likely to have a dual burden - they are expected to be mainly responsible for the bulk of the domestic working despite holding down full time jobs
    • Feminists believe that the family remains patriarchal and that men benefit from both women's earnings and unpaid domestic labour
    • Feminists argue that there is little evidence of this "new man" who shares the burden of domestic work and that women have simply acquired a dual burden of paid work and unpaid housework
    • Dryden
      • Found that such inequalities was a constant source of friction between couples and a number of studies of marriage i.e. Hart 1976 - has argue this still remains the main cause of marital breakdown
    • Ferri and Smith 1996
      • Found evidence of this dual burden in that increased employment of women outside the home had had little impact on he domestic division of labour
      • Based on a sample of 1,589, 33 year old fathers and mothers, they found that the father took the main responsibility for childcare in fewer than 4% of families
    • Morris 1990
      • Found that men who had suffered a loss of their masculine role as a result of becoming unemployed saw domestic work as women s work and therefore it should be avoided
    • Ramos 2003
      • Found  that families where the man is not I paid work and his partner works full time, male domestic labour matches that of his partner  at around 19 hours per week


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