Congress 4C

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  • Congress
    • Stucture
      • Bicameral
      • HOR: 435 proportional to population
      • SEN: 100, 2 per state
    • Powers
      • HOR: initiate money bills, elect pres when EC deadlock, impeach
      • SEN: try impeached, elect VP when ECDead, ratify treaties, confirm apps
      • JNT: pass leg', con amendments, declare war, confirm new vp's
    • senate more powerful?
      • 1/100, represent entire state
      • more likely to be pres or VP running mate,
      • longer term- 6 not 2
      • leadership more likely
      • exclusive powers
      • NO
        • same salary
        • both needed to pass legislation AND amendments
      • Filibuster and need of super majority = presidents leg' focused on senate
    • Distribution of Power
      • Speaker - chairs debates, enforces rules, refers bills, appoints select & HR committee
      • MAJ/MIN LEADERS- director of ops, liase between House & sen,
      • Committes
        • House Rules- prioritise bills
        • Conference- reconcile differences between 2 versions of bills from both houses
        • select- investigation
        • Standing- permanent policy specialists
    • Voting
      • Political Party
        • Parties are less centralised, no incentive for party unity-'S&C', constituents control candidate selection, accountablity- house elections every 2 years
      • Constituents
      • The Admin
      • Pressure Groups

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