Conformity to social roles: Zimbardo's research

  • Created by: ZoeRanger
  • Created on: 27-11-18 12:45
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  • Conformity to social roles: Zimbardo's research
    • Findings and conclusions
      • Guards took up their roles with enthusiasm
        • Behaviour threatened the prisoners' psychological and physical health
      • Two days
        • Guards harassed the prisoners constantly by conducting frequent head counts
        • Prisoners rebelled against their treatment
      • study stopped after 6 days instead of the planned 8
        • Guards, prisoners and researchers all conformed to their social roles within the prison
    • Procedure
      • Prisoners' daily routines were heavily regualted
        • De-individuation
        • 16 rules
      • Haney et al. (1973)
      • 24 'emotionally stable' students
        • Randomly assigned roles of guards or prisoners
          • 'Prisoners' arrested in their homes and delivered to the 'prison'
      • Mock prison in the basement of a psychology department at Stanford University
        • The brutality of prison guards was the result of sadistic personalities
          • Created by the situation
    • Strength
      • Researchers had some control over variables
    • Weaknesses
      • Formm (1973) - Zimbardo underestimated dispositional influences
      • Contradicted by subsequent research
      • Lack of realism
      • Major ethical issues


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