CONFLICT DURING ADOLECENCE

G. Stanley Hall suggested that adolescence is a time of storm and stress during which the child must experience the turbulent history of the human race in order to reach maturity

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  • CONFLICT DURING ADOLECENCE G. Stanley Hall suggested that adolescence is a time of storm and stress during which the child must experience the turbulent history of the human race in order to reach maturity
    • ERIKSONS THEORY OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
      • Between ages of 13-18 years you go through the crisis of identity vs role confusion, which causes a psychosocial moratorium, if the crisis is not resolved it can turn in to a negative identity
        • Stress uncertain, a negative identity is better than no identity
        • supported by SMITH & CARWFORD 1980 over 60 % of students had at least one incident of suicidal feeling
      • LARSON boys 12-13 less positive emotion to parents, girls same at 14-15
      • EVALUATION
        • Gender biased -males
        • observation of emotional disturbed adolescence so can't generalise
        • Cultural bias - western phenomena
      • LARSON & LAMPMAN - PETRATIS  American 9-15 and assessed emotional states hour by hour basis and concluded that onset of adolecenece was not associated with increased emotionality
    • COLEMAN'S FOCAL THEORY
      • Claims that adolescence are able to cope with stressful changes by dealing with one issue at time
      • Adolescents that lack; social support, living in poverty, dysfunctional parent, are more likely to find it difficult to cope.
      • Those who experience violence, abuse, or racial harassment are more likely to also find difficulties
      • Many if not most adolescents experience few difficulties and these would not always be described as crises therefore there is no reason to suppose that adolescence is necessarily a time of storm and stress
    • BLOSS ADOLESCENT RELATIONSHIPS
      • arguments with parents are to assert their indivuality, rebellion is an important ego defence
      • STEINBERG & STEINBERG found that as autonomy increased so did peer dependence and strongest between 11-13
        • Those who are particularly dependent on peers may be trying to overcompensate for lack of emotional support
        • American- culture bias
      • WADE & TRAVIS said the Blos's separation need was out of date
        • APTER studied 65 mother and daughter relationships in Britain and America and found that girls said they were most closest to their mother
    • CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
      • SHAFFER claimed that in some cultures there is no adolescent period, for example st Lawrence Eskimos just have a moment of change when a child becomes an adult
      • MARGRET MEAD children of Samoa had easy passage, sexuality was delt with openly so children didn't face confusion or embarrassment
        • FREEMAN claimed mead wasn't involved closely enough and only saw what she wanted to see
          • time difference, boys and girls
        • time difference, boys and girls

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