Indian Lifestyle Mindmap

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  • Created by: Chloe
  • Created on: 20-03-13 15:58
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  • Indian Lifestyle
    • The Buffalo
      • They were sacred and so every part had to be used.
  • Ate all parts of the Buffalo that could be eaten.
    • The Buffalo
      • They were sacred and so every part had to be used.
  • 1. Fat used in cooking. 2. Dung used as fuel. 3. Bladders used as food bags. 4. Bones used to create tools. 5. Dung smoked by men in religious ceremonies.
    • Buffalo dance asked help from spirit world for the upcoming hunt.
      • Crept up on Buffalo with weapons. Very dangerous as had to get close.
        • Hunters would gain honor if showed bravery in a hunt.
          • Warfare
            • Indian Lifestyle
              • Counting Coup or stealing horses was more honorable than killing enemie.
            • Took scalps from their dead enemies. Mutilated them so disable them in after-life.
              • Warfare
                • Counting Coup or stealing horses was more honorable than killing enemie.
            • Did not fight to win land but to steal horses or capture people and sometimes in revenge.
              • The amount of honor and money helped them to get a wife of their choice.
                • Did not use very powerful weapons as they were mostly used for hunting.
                  • If outnumbered they would retreat. Wars did not have much emphasis on killing.
                    • Land
                      • All Indians came from the ground and when die they return to it.
                      • Land was sacred, some land more than others for example the Black Hills.
                    • The land  did not belong to anyone.
                      • Land
                        • All Indians came from the ground and when die they return to it.
                        • Land was sacred, some land more than others for example the Black Hills.
                    • Some saw farming as ripping their mothers chest.
                      • Family Life
                        • Men: Hunting, war and protecting their band.
                      • Spent most of their lives hunting and moving around with the tribe.
                        • Family Life
                          • Men: Hunting, war and protecting their band.
                      • Tipi's could take  from 10-15 people.
                        • Women: preparing food, looking after tipi and looking after children.
                          • Elderly passed on advice to younger generations but when they were too weak to stay with tribe they were left behind.
                            • Women and mens roles were seen as equal.
                              • When man was away it was womens job to look after village.
                                • The Medicine Man
                                  • Indian Shaman called medicine man because carried herbs and remedies.
                                  • Charged high prices for services.
                                • Believed he could release power of spirits.
                                  • The Medicine Man
                                    • Indian Shaman called medicine man because carried herbs and remedies.
                                    • Charged high prices for services.
                                • Drove out spirits by dancing and using ceremonies.
                                  • Political Organisation
                                    • Each band has a chief and council of elders who made decisions.
                                  • Each of the nations of the Plains Indians were split into many different tribes.
                                    • Political Organisation
                                      • Each band has a chief and council of elders who made decisions.
                                  • Each tribe was made up of several bands which consisted of different families.
                                    • All important decisions (like going to war) had to be made by all of the men.
                                      • The Circle of Nature
                                        • They thought everything around them was a circle.
                                        • Tipis would also be circular to fit with this theory.
                                      • They lived in a cycle: Birth, childhood, adulthood, old age, second childhood and death.
                                        • The Circle of Nature
                                          • They thought everything around them was a circle.
                                          • Tipis would also be circular to fit with this theory.
                                      • The Great Spirit
                                        • Called Wakan Tanka created the world and all living things.
                                          • The Great Spirit
                                          • Each living thing has its own spirit.
                                            • They thought the spirits could influence their lives and what happened to them.
                                              • Only way they could contact spirit was through visions.
                                                • The Rain Dance
                                                  • Great Plains used to extreme weather.
                                                    • The Rain Dance
                                                    • Indians  performed ceremonial dances to bring rain.
                                                      • They needed rain to survive the harsh winters and the dry summers.
                                                        • Visions
                                                          • Indian boys would go into sweat lodge to cleanse.
                                                            • Visions
                                                            • They would not eat food and pray then wait for animal to appear in front of them, this was their guardian spirit.
                                                              • Visions would be interpreted by shaman which would give the boy his adult name.
                                                                • Women had their visions normally after their first menstrual cycle.
                                                                  • Things such as the Sun Dance involved hooks going through the chest and being held in the sun until they had a vision.

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