Conceptual Schemes

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  • Conceptual Schemes
    • Kant
      • We have a priori concepts of space, time and self etc.
        • In order to observe objects in space etc we need to originally have this a priori concept of space.
          • However, we also need sense experience to 'trigger' our a priori concepts or they would be empty.
      • Time. object, cause and self are necessary for sense experience, and these are called catagories and combined create our conceptual scheme.
      • He says our conceptual schemes are universal but the origin of these catagories is unknown.
        • Time. object, cause and self are necessary for sense experience, and these are called catagories and combined create our conceptual scheme.
    • Sapir-Whorf
      • Our  conceptual schemes are based on our individual concepts and languages.
        • The concepts that we have are determined by our language, which in turn determine the kind of experience that we have.
          • For example, the Inuit people have over 20 words for snow where as we only have a few.
          • So, our experiences only make sense because they are determined by the language we have learnt.
            • For example, the Inuit people have over 20 words for snow where as we only have a few.
    • Empiricists
      • All our concepts come from experience.
        • E.g. we get the concept of space by observing things in space.
        • Everyone just recieves 'experience' and they learn their concepts from this
          • E.g. we get the concept of space by observing things in space.
        • Locke
          • His view opposes Kant as he says we cannot have any a priori or innate concepts, as if we did they would be universal and there is no one idea that everyone, including 'children and idiots', knows.
            • Kant
              • We have a priori concepts of space, time and self etc.
                • In order to observe objects in space etc we need to originally have this a priori concept of space.
                  • However, we also need sense experience to 'trigger' our a priori concepts or they would be empty.
              • He says our conceptual schemes are universal but the origin of these catagories is unknown.
        • They sort of agree with Sapir-Whorf as our language and culture is sensory experience, but they disagree with the fact that our concepts determine our experience.
          • Sapir-Whorf
            • Our  conceptual schemes are based on our individual concepts and languages.
              • The concepts that we have are determined by our language, which in turn determine the kind of experience that we have.
                • So, our experiences only make sense because they are determined by the language we have learnt.

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