Education Reform Act

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  • The Education Reform Act (1988)
    • Introduced more vocational courses, OFSTED, the national curriculum, more testing and exams and their should be more competition within schools
    • Features
      • Independence: Make schools including further education more independent and ran like a business
      • Competition: Make schools and colleges compete with one another for students
      • Choice: Give customers a choice of schools, enabling them to choose whatever education suits their needs
    • Standard Raising
      • schools will be forced to raise standards in order to attract the students they want
      • Schools with poorer results are more likely to have local low class students who misbehave and are disadvantaged
    • The Educational Triage
      • League tables, according to Gillborn and Youdell (2004), creates an 'A-C Economy'
      • Therefore schools concentrate on helping pupils aiming for A-C's and not showing anyone below that any attention
    • Competition and Selection
      • Schools are under pressure to select more able, middle class pupils to gain a higher ranking
      • Bartlett (1993) argues that marketization leads to popular schools cream skimming and silt-shifting
        • Cream Skimming: Selecting higher ability pupils who gain the best results and cost less
        • Silt-Shifting: Off-loading pupils with learning disabilities who get poor results and cost more
    • Parentocracy
      • Privileged Skill Choosers: middle class - cultural and economic capital - takes advantage
      • Disconnected Local Chooser: working class - interested in safety and quality of schools facilities
      • Semi-Skilled Choosers - mainly working class - ambitious for children - rely on others opinions - likely to appeal


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