Complex Carbohydrates

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  • Complex Carbohydrates
  • provide energy for storage + structure for living
  • made of simple carbs linked together
  • they are polysaccharides
    • simple sugars linked together in branched or unbranched chains
  • example: starch + cellulose
    • called glycogen
      • large molecules made of thousands of glucose molecules
  • starch
    • consists of different numbers of glucose molecules
    • may show different patterns of branching
      • relates to the function of starch as a storage molecule
  • enzymes attack the ends of the starch molecules
    • releasing glucose molecules
  • glucose molecules enter the process of cellular respiration
    • breaks down glucose into use able energy
  • amylase
    • an enzyme
    • break the chemical bond linking glucose molecules to starch  molecules
      • so that our bodies can use the glucose energy for growth, development  + maintenance
  • cellulose gives plants strength + support
  • animals can't digest cellulose
    • no enzymes  required to break the bonds
      • but helps your digestive system function properly
  • some bacteria + fungi can digest cellulose
  • breaks down glucose into use able energy
  • animals store glucose in glycogen
    • more highly branches molecule
  • only a cecropia tree can produce glycogen


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