- Comparison of Approaches: Explanation and treatment of abnormal/atypical behaviour
- Behaviourist model sees abnormality as arising from maladaptive or faulty learning in the sense that inappropriate or destructive patterns of behaviour have been reinforced.
- Behaviour therapies - such as SD have been applied successfully to treatment of phobias.
- Humanistic Therapy - effective. Based on Rogers philosophy that closing the gap between the self concept and ideal self will stimulate personal growth
- Cog Therapy - more effective. Aims to identify and eradicate faulty thinking assumed to be the root cause of maladaptive behaviour
- SLT - has little application to treatment but principles of modelling and observational learning have been used to explain how negative behaviours may be learned through dysfunctional role models.
- Psychoanalysis - Freud saw anxiety disorders emerging from unconscious conflict, childhood trauma and overuse of defence mechanisms. Has some success as a therapy but not appropriate for everyone because it requires considerable input from the patient
- Biological approach - has revolutionised the treatment of mental disorders through development of drug therapy which regulates chemical imbalances in the brain.
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