Case studies of earthquakes in MEDCs and LEDCs

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  • Created by: mbull
  • Created on: 13-01-18 16:25
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  • Comparing Earthquakes - MEDCs and LEDCs
    • Kobe, Japan - MEDC
      • Happened because Japan is on a plate boundary.
        • The denser oceanic Philippines plate is pushed underneath the lighter continental Eurasian plate.
      • When
        • January 17th 1995
      • Magnitude
        • 7.2
      • Where
        • The port city of Kobe on the south coast of Japan
      • Largest earthquake in Japan for 47 years.
      • Primary effects
        • Over 6000 died.
          • Many injured.
        • 200,000 buildings destroyed
          • Offices
          • Houses
          • Port facilities
        • Elevated roads collapsed and 130km of railway track put out of use.
        • Gas and water pipes fractured and 300 fires broke out.
      • Secondary effects
        • It was the middle of winter so survivors had to be given refuge fast to avoid hypothermia.
        • Over 700 after-shocks
          • Many people left Kobe.
            • Not all returned.
        • Some companies forced to close as factories were so badly damaged.
        • Port put out of trade for 3 months reducing trade in the area.
      • Impacts
        • Social
          • 300,000 homeless
          • 5,000 died
        • Economic
          • Damage to all the transport facilities
        • Environmental
          • Liquefaction
      • Responses
        • Long term
          • Roads have been made earthquake proof in the last 20 years
        • Short term
          • Motorways collapsed
    • Haiti - LEDC
      • When
        • January 12th 2010
      • Happened because Port Au Prince is on a fault line.
        • North American plate slid underneath the Caribean plate.
        • Many aftershocks after earthquake.
        • Epicentre of earthquake was in the most densely populated part of Haiti.
      • Where
        • Port Au Prince, Hati
      • Magnitude
        • 7.0
      • Before
        • Poor building construction
          • Many people live in self-built homes, low quality building materials and lack of building codes.
      • Hours later
        • Transport disruption
          • Main runway in Haiti was put out of action by the earthquake for days
          • Little medical aid could be flown in.
      • Days later
        • Public disorder
          • Lack of police meant gangs took over the streets.
            • Violence
            • Looting
            • Lynching of looters
      • Months later
        • Refugee camps
          • Slow arrival of food, clean water and medical care
            • Survivors died from injuries
          • Months later many people still lived in camps with no proper toilets or clean water
            • Cholera deaths and hurricane danger.
      • Social impacts
        • 316,000 died
      • Economic impacts
        • US raised $48 million to help Haiti recover
      • Environmental impacts
        • Rubble blocked roads and rail links
        • 250,000 houses collapsed
      • Responses
        • Short term
          • Emergency rescue teams from different countries.
        • Long term
          • Took longer than a year to re-house everyone

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