Command and Control 

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  • Created by: K4typ
  • Created on: 26-05-18 13:35
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  • Command and Control
    • Napoleonic
      • Corps system horses, cavalry and artillery = 30,000 men
        • 3 infantry divisions a brigade of cavalry and guns
        • greater flexibility
    • Revolutionary
      • Divisions under Carnot 12,000 men
      • Columns
        • 50 - 80 men across the front
        • 9 -`12 men deep
    • Crimean
      • 10 brigades of infantry 2 brigades of cavalry (britsih)
    • American Civil War
      • Control over the electro magnetic telegraph
      • troops dispersed by rail
      • Field armies operated independently in their own theaters
      • Change from previous as forces had been a massed for one big battle such as waterloo
      • Grant saw the need simultaneous co-ordinated  campaigns
      • 1st war where there was on overall orchestrated plan
      • Sequential battles to wear down enemy
      • 1863 artillery Incorporated more at corps level
      • Units accompanied  the troops in terms of medical and engineer units
      • 33 wagons per 1 thousand troops
        • overall logistics generally bigger
      • At out break north only had two officers with experience above regimentle level
      • operational and higher level commanders operated
    • WW1
      • return to traditional command structures
      • appointment of allied commander
      • German professional army vs British volunteer army
      • germas trained non-commissioned officers
        • stormtroopers 1918
    • WW2
      • blitz kreig
      • flexibilty in command was important
        • greater initiative
      • allied commander
    • Dynastic
      • armies belonged to the king
      • kings had small loyal fores
    • Prussian Reforms
      • General staff
        • staff duties rotated
        • Seperate from  ministry of war
      • War collage
        • 9 months courses from 1801 covering necessary requirements
      • Moltkes reforms 1857-1888
        • staff duties rotated
      • Mapped country for military purposes
      • Prussian victories led to countries following suit
      • TURNING POINT
        • Other countries followed suit
          • Had a bigger impact than the Naopleonic changes
          • railways were also Incorporated into planning

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