in the 70sCE by Emperor Vespasian, opened in the
Spring of 80CE,
- Known as the Flavian Amphitheatre
- Largest in the Empire.
- Circumference of 545 metres
- 4 stories high reaching 57 metres
- Arena was 86 by 54 metres
- 80 entrances (4 for VIPs)
- tickets allocated sections & rows
- accessed through vomitoria similar to modern day stadiums
- An awning covered 2 thirds of the spectators
- Sand covered the arena, to soak up the blood
- A metal fence ran around the arena stationed by archers to kill any animals that may escape
- Underneath the arena was the hypogeum a network of tunnels , cages & lifts used to release animals through trap doors
- The ancient writer Martial gives an early account of a sea battle in the flooded arena, this must have been before the construction of the hypogeum.
- Seating capacity was 50 000
- 1st tier :Senators sat closest to the arena on the podium on this level were the pulvinares or special boxes, north box for the Emperor, southern box for the Vestal Virgins
- 2nd tier: next tier sat the equites
- 3rd tier: followed by the ordinary citizens
- 4th tier: followed by the lowest in society – women slaves & poor.
- Constructed in the 70sCE by Emperor Vespasian, opened in the Spring of 80CE,