Unit 3: Colonialism and Anthropology

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  • Colonialism and Anthropology
    • Definition: Colonialism is the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial control over another country, occupying it with settlers and exploiting it economically(Oxford Dictionary)
    • Big Colonisers
      • Britain
      • Portugal
      • France
      • Spain
        • Spain colonlised the South Americas in the Age of Exploration
        • When colonising,Spain wiped out the entirety of the Inca and Amazon populationsby bringing over diseases that killed them due to their immune system never encountering diseases like small pox.
        • This is one of the reason that there is a large number of Latin Americans that can speak Spanish in places like Peru and Mexico
    • Reasons to colonise other countries
      • In order to get more resources such as metals, spices, tea and chocolate for use and trade.
      • In order to show dominance and expand their territory
      • In order to gain access therefore being able to protect their interests.
    • What happened when the colonisers got there?
      • They commit Ethnocide and Genocide.
      • The colonisers spread diseases and illnesses.
      • They provided education, medicines and jobs.
    • Colonies Vs. Protectorate
      • A colony is a country or area under full or partial political control of another country and occupied by settlers from that country. (Oxford Dictionary)
      • A protectorate is a state that is controlled and protected by another.
        • For Example: UK and Kenya


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