collectivisation under Stalin

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  • Created by: elle1999
  • Created on: 22-12-15 16:52
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  • Collectivisation
    • Why it happened
      • 1928, agriculture still independently run- mir
        • Extended socialism to the countryside and got rid of the kulaks and bourgeiose culture
        • Peasants wary of growing too much food.
      • The link with industry
        • Industry could only be supported by agriculture. Food surplus needed to increase.
      • Economic
        • Larger land plots and machinery would increase surplus.
    • Process of collectivisation
      • December 1927- voluntary collectivisation.
      • Food shortages 1928, government to force requisitioning.
      • Liquidating Kulaks
        • Enemies
        • Dekulakistaion party members.
        • OGPU also in use.
        • 5-10 million deaths
      • Large farms- kolkholz
      • Advice and machinery shared.
      • 1932, 62% peasants collectivised-93% 1937
    • Results of collectivisation
      • Supply of machinery slow not till mid 30s.
        • 1933- grain production rose
      • Removal of Kulaks- less production.
      • 1928-33- calves halved.
        • Famine- 1928-33
          • Holodomor in Ukraine
        • Cannibalism
      • Most food went to Red army
      • Good weather 1937
      • Established party control

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