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    • Trends
      • statistics show a significant rising people cohabiting
      • in 2012 there were 5.9 million people cohabiting - double the number in 1996
      • people cohabiting increased from 6.5% in 1996 to 11.7% in 2012
    • Reasons for Cohabitation
      • process of being marriage - not alternative
      • half who cohabit see as trail mariage
      • like absence of legal ties
      • alternative to marraige
      • expect emotional fulfilment from marriage
      • secularisation - socially accepted to cohabit
      • emancipation of women - opting to cohabit for independence
    • Research
      • Conflicting
        • Morgan (2000) claims people who cohabit rather than marry are less happy, less fufiled, more likely to have abusive relationships, more likely to be unfaithful stressed and depressed
        • Murphy (2007) children whose parents live together but are not married get worse results at school,  leave education earlier and have a higher risk of developing a serious illness
      • Supporting
        • Wilkinson (1994) young females no lonher prioritise marriage and choose to focus on their career. Cohabiting allows a romantic relationship without as much commitment
        • Smith (2001) marriage creates unrealistic expectatins about monogamy in a world charcterised by sexual freedom.
          • At different points in peoples loves they need different things that can only be gained by a new partner
    • Children
      • cohabiting a long term relationship and raising children
      • cohabiting couples with children between 2001 - 2011 increased by 34%
      • 292,000 between 2001-2011 cohabiting couples with children increased from 292,000 to 319,000
      • 38% couples cohabiting were parents in 2011
      • cohabiting families are less stable than married families
      • cohabiting couples don't have the same rights to child custody as married couples, 22% for property, 26% for child custody and 21% for finances


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