Cognitive model of abnormality

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  • Created by: samsam001
  • Created on: 17-03-14 18:38
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  • Cognitive model of abnormailty
    • elias ABC model
      • A-  Disorder begins with an activating event. i.e. failing an exam
        • B- leads to a belief, (why did this happen
          • C- consequence
            • can be adaptive or mal-adaptive
          • The belief can be irrational
          • This belief can be rational
    • Becks cognitive triad
      • Cognitive triad of negative thoughts linked to depression
        • Negative views of the future
        • Negative views of themselves
        • negative views of the world
    • Therapies
      • CBT
        • 1-the therapist helps the client to identify the negative schemata. to do this the patient is encouraged to keep a diary to record their problems
        • 2-Using the material from the diary, the therapist challenges the dysfunctional cognitions, this is reality testing.
        • 3-The therapist then sets the patient a set of goals, which can very trivial. another thing is skills training, i.e relaxation techniques
        • 4- The patient is then encouraged to test these in the real world and come back if the problems continue the patients are encourage to return
    • Strength
      • The model provides a useful approach for some disorders like depression which can revolvearounf negative thoughts
      • The therapies are very successful with depression and anxiety
        • It allows the patient to take control of their own condition
    • Weaknesses
      • Faulty thoughts maybe due to other conditions. I.e depression may be caused by neurotransmitters
      • The therapies are long and cost a lot of money and rely on the patient to stay positive and dedicated
      • The treatments don't work for all conditions, i.e schizophrenia


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