Cognitive explantations of criminal behaviour

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  • Created on: 07-06-13 12:46
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  • Cognitive Explanations of Criminal Behaviour
    • Yochelson and Samenow- Criminal Thinking Patterns
      • Aimed to understand make up of criminal personality.
        • To establish techniques that would be used to alter personality disorders in order to reduce or prevent crime.
          • Longitudinal study using interviews over 14 years.
            • Interviews based on Freudian techniques- aimed to identify root cause of criminal behaviour.
      • FINDINGS- 52 thinking patterns criminals have more than non-criminals.
        • Closed thinking- not receptive to criticism, good at finding fault in others but not themselves.
          • External attribution- views self as victim, blames others.
            • See only positive aspect of self and not faults.
            • Sees self as unique and better than others.
              • Lack of interest in responsible behaviour.
                • Sees all things places and peoples as being there for them to use. uses relationships and sex for power.
  • 255 males from various class and ethnic backgrounds who had been found guilty but due to reasons of insanity were hospitalised not imprisoned.
    • Yochelson and Samenow- Criminal Thinking Patterns
      • Aimed to understand make up of criminal personality.
        • To establish techniques that would be used to alter personality disorders in order to reduce or prevent crime.
          • Longitudinal study using interviews over 14 years.
            • Interviews based on Freudian techniques- aimed to identify root cause of criminal behaviour.
      • FINDINGS- 52 thinking patterns criminals have more than non-criminals.
        • Closed thinking- not receptive to criticism, good at finding fault in others but not themselves.
          • External attribution- views self as victim, blames others.
            • See only positive aspect of self and not faults.
            • Sees self as unique and better than others.
              • Lack of interest in responsible behaviour.
                • Sees all things places and peoples as being there for them to use. uses relationships and sex for power.
  • Kohlberg- Moral Development in children-
    • Cognitive Explanations of Criminal Behaviour
      • AIM- to find evidence in support of a progression through the stages of moral development.
    • Suggests moral development is part of universal cognitive development.
      • Kohlberg- Moral Development in children-
        • AIM- to find evidence in support of a progression through the stages of moral development.
    • CONCLUSION- offenders made external attributions for their violent behaviour and were aware of how others will see behaviour.
      • This is why they used neutralisation techniques to deny their actions where wrong or harmful.
      • Byers et al- Hate crimes against the Amish
        • Investigate attribution bias in offenders who committed hate crimes against the Amish.

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