Psychology: Cognitive Development Notes

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  • Created by: ccaitlin
  • Created on: 09-06-14 16:43
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  • Cognitive Development
    • Core Theory
      • Schema, is the idea about the world around us
      • Equilibrium is understanding the world, Disequilibrium is when new information doesn't make sense confusing our understanding
      • Accommodation, when we need to change the the schema. Assimilation is when we need to test our new schema.
    • Core Study
      • Aim: to test Piagets theory of conservation of numbers
      • Children were shown two rows of counters and were asked if one was longer than the other or if they were the same, then researcher then changed the layout of one of the rows of counters and asked the question again.
      • Results: Children aged 2-7 said the row that was stretched had more, children 7-11 said they were the same
      • Conclusion: Children in the concrete operation stage were able to conserve but children in the pre operational couldn't conserve
    • Alternative Theory
      • Scaffolding, supporting a child. Apprentice (children) MKO, ZPD, Cultural Tools, writing, reading, language
  • Sensory Motor Stage (0-2 Years) When babies explore the world with their senses and movement
    • Object Permanence (they understand objects are still there even though they can not be seen)
  • Pre Operation Stage (2-7 Years) When babies children begin to use words and symbols to solve problems
    • Egocenterism (they can only see the world from their point of view)
  • Concrete Operational (7-11 Years) They overcome egocenterism and use linguistic humour
    • Conservation (children understand that even though the shape of an object changes, it still remains the same)
  • Formal Operational (11+ Years) Most of the previous characteristics have been developed
    • Hypothetical Thinking (can see the bigger picture, can think without props)
  • Application: Educating Children


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