Cognitive Approach

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  • Created by: Beverley
  • Created on: 17-04-13 19:37
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  • Cognitive Approach
    • Research Methods
      • Mental processes
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • focuses on investigations using human ppts
        • uses highly scientific methods
        • developed successful therapies using cognitive principles
          • e.g. cognitive behavior therapy for depression, therapist tries to get depressed person to have more positive thoughts
        • explains complex thinking processes (separating into components)
      • Limitations
        • provides a mechanistic view, little account of emotions and how they interact with mental processes
        • ignores individuals and personality differences between people
        • experiments tend to lack ecological validity as they are highly artificilal
        • ignores biology and the influence of genes
    • Basic Assumption
      • studies mental processes
      • idea that the mind is like a computer
      • Internal mental processes e.g. talking, memory
      • actively processes information through different senses e.g. sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell
      • studied scientifically using controlled experiments in labs
      • cognitive or mental processes mediate between stimulus and responce
    • Application
      • computer models of thought e.g. face recognition programmes
    • Case Studies
      • Wason (1968)
        • Aim: show how people reason and how this might not be entirely logical
        • Method: ppts shown 4 cards, had a letter one side and a number on the other. 'if a card has A on one side then it has a 3 on the other' shown 4 cards showing A, B, 2 and 3. asked to turn over only those cards neccessary to discover if the rule was true or false
        • Results: most correctly turned over the card with A on it (3 on the other side) few turned over 2 which would prove the rule to be false
        • Conclusion: Most people didnt turn over card A and 2. shows pure logical thinking may be difficult for people.
  • Conclusion: Most people didnt turn over card A and 2. shows pure logical thinking may be difficult for people.

Comments

Bethany Cunningham

Finally. A resource that has a key study on. Hallelujah. Five stars. Great.

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