Cognitive approach

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  • Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 18-05-14 12:22
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  • Cognitive approach
    • assumes that thinking, expectations and attitudes direct a persons behaviour
    • maladaptive behaviour is caused by faulty and irrational cognitions
    • it is the way you think about the problem rather than the problem itself that causes mental disorders
    • The A-B-C model (Ellis)
      • A refers to an activating event e.g. sight of a large dog
      • B is the belief, which may be rational (e.g.) the dog is harmless) or irrational (e.g. the dog will attack me)
      • C is the consequence - rational beliefs lead to healthy emotions and irrational beliefs lead to unhealthy emotions
    • the individual is in control
      • unlike the other models where behaviour is thought to be determined by external factors, the cognitive model portrays the individual as being the cause of their own behaviour
    • Limitations
      • blames the patient
        • cognitive model suggests the patient is responsible, therefore overlooks situational factors e.g. life stressors
      • consequence rather than cause
        • it is possible that an individual develops a negative way of thinking because of their disorder
        • it is also possible that individuals with maladaptive cognitions are at greater risk of developing mental disorders
      • Irrational beliefs may be realistic
        • Alloy and Abrahamson suggest that many people with depression actually have a much more realistic view of the world than non-depressives


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