Cognitive interview

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  • Cognitive Interview
    • Report everything
      • Witnesses encouraged to include every detail of event, even trivial ones
      • Triggers other important memories
      • Based on idea of memories being made up of several features, using as many retrieval cues as possible
    • Context Reinstatement
      • Witness returns to original crime scene in their mind
      • Imagine environment e.g. weather, their emotions, what they could see
      • Related to context dependant forgetting
      • Based on idea of memories being made up of several features, using as many retrieval cues as possible
    • Reverse order
      • Events recalled in different chronological order to original sequence
      • Prevents people recalling expectations of event rather than actual details/dishonesty
      • Based on idea that there are several retrieval paths- info not available in one could be in other
    • Change perspective
      • Witnesses recall incident from other peoples perspectives e.g. other witnesses
      • Disrupts effect of expectations/schema on recall
      • Schema we have for particular setting generates ideas of what could have happened
      • Based on idea that there are several retrieval paths- info not available in one could be in other
    • Evaluation
      • S: Milne&Bull, officers more confident using RE/CR, they are effective. Mello&Fisher, RE more effective than standard interview with elderly, effective with vulnerable people. Stein&Memon, Brazil, better than standard, only interviewed women cleaners, effective in other countries but not representative
      • W: Koehnken, CI produced more inaccurate info, regardless how much info, less accurate so useless. Cause/effect, different processes, difficult to consider as independent process. More time consuming/requires more training, officers may not be confident using it, time consumed could be used elsewhere

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