Cognitive Interview

View mindmap
  • Cognitive Interview (Geiselman et al., 1984)
    • based on two cognitive principles
      • coding specificity (tulving and thompson, 73)
        • memories more easily retrieved if external conditions (emotional cues) at time of retrieval similar to those at encoding
        • led to context reinstatement (mentally recreating circumstance)
      • memory as a multi-component trace (wickers, 70)
        • memory traces are multifaceted, some features accessible, variety of methods used to access
        • led to reporting everything, temporal orders, other perspectives
    • method for eliciting more complete information about an event
    • ORIGINAL FORM (4 memory-jogging techniques)
      • mentally reinstate context of event
        • report every detail
          • report event in different temporal orders
            • describe event from different perspective
              • uses imagination, not schemas
            • variety of chronological sequences
          • do not interrupt
        • phys surroundings, personal emotional reactions)
      • adds (amongst others):
        • rapport building
        • interviewer transferring control
      • training increased number of elicited facts (fisher et al., 1989)
      • generates more correct information but also increases errors (Kohnken et al., 1999)
      • Enhanced version created more error than original (Kohnken et al., 1999)


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Cognitive Interview resources »