Cognitive explanations for offending behaviour

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 13-06-19 00:06
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  • Cognitive explanations for offending behaviour
    • Hostile attribution bias
      • Misinterpret cues as hostile behaviour
      • Cricks and Dodge (1994) Relationship between HAB and aggression in both real and hypothetical situations
        • Supported by research evidence
      • Cannot explain planned aggression so not a full explanation
      • Hypothetical situations means that lacks predictive validity
    • Minimalisation
      • Offender downplays criminal behaviour
        • Doesn't accept full reality of situation; coping mechanism
        • Can blame victim for crime; removes guilt
      • Kennedy and Grubin (1992) Majority of sex offenders attempted to blame someone else, usually victim
        • 1/3 of offenders denied any involvement
        • 1/4 believed that victim benefited from abuse
        • Supported by research evidence
      • Can be argued as coping strategy instead of explanation
    • Differential association theory
      • Criminal behaviour is learned through environment
      • Favourable differentiation
        • Positive association with crime makes it more frequent
      • Cannot explain all types of crime, e.g. individual crimes
      • Farrington et al (2006) Studied antisocial behaviour in males; risk factors included: family criminality, poverty, poor parenting, et
      • Able to explain high crime areas
      • Considered as too general so lacks detail

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