Cognitive approach to explaining depression

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 06-05-19 21:57
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  • Cognitive approach to explaining depression
    • A mental health disorder characterised by a persistent low mood, low self esteem and low energy
    • Behavioural responses; isolation; disturbed sleep; social withdrawal; physical and verbal aggression
    • Emotional responses; easily irritated; low mood; low self-worth; self-loathing; anhedonia
    • Cognitive responses; focusing on the negative; absolutionist thinking; poor concentration
    • Ellis' ABC Model
      • [A] Activating          event       [B] Belief (rational or irrational)        [C] Conse-quences
        • Rational beliefs produce appropriate consequence(vice versa)
      • Practical applications; used to develop therapies and treatments
      • Not all depression occurs after events
      • Reductionist - ignores genetic influence and behaviourist/emotional symptoms
      • Most supporting research is correlational
        • Can't test for cause and effect due to extraneous variables
    • Beck's Negative Triad
      • The Self - thoughts from negative self-schema trigger low self esteem
      • The Future - thoughts reduce hope, enhance depression
      • Practical applications; CBT works, suggests cause of cognitive
      • Too reductionist as doesn't explain complex aspects of depression
      • Blames patient for depression
      • The World - impression of no hope anywhere


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