Coeliac Disease

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  • Coeliac Disease
    • Symptoms
      • diarrhea or constipation
      • vomiting or nausea
      • bloating
      • flatulence
      • pains in abdomen
      • sudden or unexplained weighloss
      • fatigue
      • mouth ulcers
      • swelling or numbness in hands and feet
      • reflux
      • fatty stools
    • Causes
      • abnormal reaction of immune system to the protein gluten
        • immune system mistakes gluten as a threat and antibodies cause the surface of the intestine to become inflamed
          • the villi flattens and this reduces their ability to digest nutrients from food
      • GENETIC
        • runs in families
        • infection in digestive system in childhood
        • type 1 diabetes
        • neurological disorders, e.g. epilepsy
    • Diagnosis
      • BLOOD TEST
        • take blood sample and test for antibodies usually present in those with CD
      • BIOPSY
        • an endoscope is inserted into the mouth and passed into small intestine; tiny biopsy tool is passed through the endoscope to take samples of the lining of the intestine; sample is examined for signs of CD
        • gag reflex is sedated and a camera is passed down the throat into the stomach and duodenum, where any abnormalities can be observed
      • CT SCAN
        • multiple x-rays to help find cause of symptoms
        • high freq sound waves create images to view organs and flow of blood in vessels
      • MRI SCAN
        • uses x-rays to produce clear images of the bosy
    • Treatment
      • there is NO CURE, but can be managed by following a strict gluten free diet
      • taking vitamin and mineral supplements, to correct any deficiencies
      • extra vaccinations such as flu jab, if spleen is affected
    • Lifestyle Effects
      • malabsorption of vitamins and minerals, leading to deficiency diseases
      • hyperglycemia
      • weight loss
      • malnutrition
      • knowledge of what foods contain
      • lack of understanding of the cause of the condition
      • anxiety when eating gout
      • embarrassment and frustraion
      • avoid social situations involving food
      • strain on social relationships
      • difficulty obtaining gluten free foods


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