Coastal Cast Studies

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  • Coastal Case Studies
    • Netherlands
      • 40% country below sea level - global warming
      • Zuider Zee (north)
        • 1932 30km dam
        • protect against high neap tides
        • reclaimed land - polders. farming. Ijeselmere lake.
      • Dutch Delta Plan
        • 10 dams seal off channels
        • East Schelt damn - sluice gates - environmental pressure
        • marshes and mudflats preserved
        • £300m maintence - taxes
      • Coastal Dunes
        • 42,000 hectares
        • nourishment
        • groynes hold sand on beach
        • fences - trampling
    • Holderness
      • 2m a year
      • 4km and 30 villages since roman times
      • SOFT BOULDER CLAY
      • £4.5m sea wall at Easington
    • Hurricane Katrina
      • August 2005
      • 125mph wind
      • 1500 died
      • £300b damage
      • 10m storm surge
      • 80%city flooded 6m deep
      • oil rigs damaged - 24.6l into lake. 9 closed.
        • Petrol rose £1 UK
      • 5m without power
      • 16 wildlife centres damaged
      • 25% no transport - evacuation
      • $53.6b aid
    • Bangladesh
      • Cyclone GORKY
      • 350km embankment. 7m high. $6b.
    • Abbots Hall Farm
      • Salcotte Estury, Essex
      • rising 6mm a year
      • 80 hectares
      • 5 breeches
        • timed with spring tides - carry seeds
      • sloping topography = salt marshes
      • £500,000 maintenance costs saved

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