Clinical Psychology

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  • Clinical Psychology
    • Defining abnormaility
      • Two ways of defining abnormality.
      • The statistical definition of abnormality uses the curve of normal distribution and assumes that any normal characteristic occurs in 95% of the population
      • Therefore any abnormal characteristic occurs in 5% of the population
      • The social norms definition of abnormality is based on what society sees as desirable behaviour.
      • Anyone who deviates from such behaviour is classed as abnormal
    • Schizophrenia
      • Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder that affects about 1% of the population
      • It ca cause disturbance in a person's thoughts, emotions and behaviours that can lead to the person withdrawing from social life
    • Disgnosis
      • Psychiatrists use a classification system to measure mental disorders such as schizophrenia
      • The system must be both reliable and valid
    • Data collection for research
      • Primary data is data that you collect yourself using methods such as experiments, questionnaires and observations
      • Secondary data is data that was collected by someone else and not the person currently using it
      • A meta analysis is a way of accessing a large number of participants, especially if what is being studied is not common

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