Atlee's government 1945-1951

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  • Clement Atlee's Labour Govt. 1945-1951
    • 1945 General Election
      • Conservative: 213 seats. Labour: 393 seats. LANDSLIDE VICTORY
      • Labour manifesto
        • No personality focus. Domestic reform, public ownership; social services.
      • Conservative Manifesto
        • Emphasized Churchill
    • Labour Govt.
      • POLITICS
        • Granted Indian Independence1947
        • Had solid working class support
        • Macmillan: One of the most able governments of modern times.
      • ECONOMIC POLICY
        • >Coal production down >industrial production down. >15 % workforce unemployment
        • Dreaded winter 1947
        • Economic crisis shattered morale
          • Dreaded winter 1947
        • Atlee had no idea, gave no lead
      • NATIONALISATION
        • By 1950 over 2m employed nationalised industries = 10% of workforce
        • increased efficiency and productivity in gas and electricity
        • Bank of England 1946 coal cable and wireless 947. Transport electricity and gas 1948.
      • Social changes - ACTS etc
        • Introduction of the Welfare State >free NHS. > child allowances >full employment
        • Followed major proposals of Berveridge Report
        • BEVANS HEALTH BILL 1946
          • Cripps wanted cut expenditure NHS. Argument with Bevan
          • NHS 1948. 93.1% population enrolled NHS
        • 230,000 houses built 1948. Repaired thousands of war damaged houses. 45-51 1 million houses
        • Stuck to Butler Ed. Act 1944
    • Social changes - ACTS etc
      • Introduction of the Welfare State >free NHS. > child allowances >full employment
      • Followed major proposals of Berveridge Report
      • BEVANS HEALTH BILL 1946
        • Cripps wanted cut expenditure NHS. Argument with Bevan
        • NHS 1948. 93.1% population enrolled NHS
      • 230,000 houses built 1948. Repaired thousands of war damaged houses. 45-51 1 million houses
      • Stuck to Butler Ed. Act 1944

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