Classification of alcohols

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  • CLASSIFI - CATION OF ALCOHOLS
    • Primary
      • The OH (alcohol group) is bonded to a carbon atom
        • This carbon atom is bonded to no alkyl group (CH3 C2H5 C3H7 etc) or one alkyl group
          • An alkyl group is an alkane with a hydrogen atom removed - often showed as R
    • Secondary
      • The OH is bonded to a carbon atom
        • This carbon atom is bonded to two alkyl groups
    • Tertiary
      • The OH (alcohol group) is bonded to a carbon atom
        • This carbon atom is bonded to three alkyl groups
  • H
  • H
  • H
  • C
    • C
      • H
      • H
      • H
    • H
    • H
  • H
  • H
  • C
    • H
    • H
    • H
  • H
  • H
  • H
  • Primary alcohol - OH is bonded to a carbon, bonded to one alkyl group
  • Primary alcohol - OH is bonded to a carbon, bonded to no alkyl group
  • C
    • C
      • H
      • H
      • H
    • C
      • H
      • H
      • H
    • C
      • H
      • H
      • H
  • HO
    • C
      • C
        • H
        • H
        • H
      • C
        • H
        • H
        • H
      • C
        • H
        • H
        • H
  • C
    • C
      • H
      • H
      • H
    • H
    • C
      • H
      • H
      • H
    • HO
  • The OH is bonded to a carbon atom, which is bonded to three alkyl groups

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