Classical Concerto

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  • Classical Concerto
    • Sonata
      • 3 movements
        • Exposition
          • 2 contrasting themes (eg. high/low) are introduced in the opening sequence
        • Development
          • New harmonies or rhythms may be developed, and sequences, imitation, inversion and pedal notes may be introduced
        • Recapitulation
          • Themes from the exposition  are repeated, sometimes with slight changes. Ornaments may also be added
        • Coda ties up loose ends and finishes the piece
      • Written for 1 or sometimes 2 instruments
    • Concerto
      • For a soloist and orchestra
      • Usually in 3 movements
        • First movement
          • Sonata form- brisk and purposeful
        • Second movement
          • Ternary/variation form- slower and song-like
      • Piano and violin concertos were most popular
    • Symphony
      • For an orchestra
        • May include a choir as well
      • Usually in 4 movements
        • First movement
          • Sonata form- brisk and purposeful
        • Second movement
          • Ternary or variation form- slower and song-like
        • Third movement
          • Minuet or scherzo- fairly fast and dance-like
        • Fourth movement
          • Rondo, variation or sonata form- fast and cheerful
      • Performances could last more than an hour
    • Composers
      • Haydn, Mozart and beethoven

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