Class differences in achievement- the self-fulfilling prophecy

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  • Class differences in achievement- the self-fulfilling prophecy
    • Interactionist principle- what people believe to be true will have real effects, even if not true originally
    • Teacher labels a pupil and makes predictions
      • Teacher treats pupil accordingly, as if already true
        • Pupil internalises expectations, which become a part of their self-concept, fulfilling the prophecy
    • Most likely to occur when kids are streamed- m/c into higher, w/c into lower streams. Douglas- those put into lower streams by age 8 suffered a decline in I.Q. score by 11, and vice versa for higher streams
    • Robert Rosenthal and Leonara Jacobson- randomly selected 20% of Californian Primary school pupils, told teachers they were 'spurters'. A year later, 47% of them had made significant progress

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