Class differences in achievement- marketisation and selection policies

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  • Class differences in achievement- marketisation and selection policies
    • Brought in by Thatcher's 1988 Education Reform Act:
      • Exam league tables- makes no allowance for level of pupil ability
      • School competition to attract (particularly m/c) pupils- success breeds success!
      • Funding formula- gives the same amount for all pupils
    • Stephen Ball- schools now spend more marketing themselves to parents
    • Geoffrey Walford- CTCs seen by m/c parents as the next best thing to a grammar school
    • John Fitz- GM schools re-invent tradition to attract m/c
    • Schools are under pressure to stream and select pupils
    • Gerwitz- produced a 'blurred hierarchy of schools', a polarised education system:
      • Popular, successful schools that are well-resourced, have a more able, largely m/c intake
      • Unpopular, failing, under resourced schools with mainly low achieving, w/c pupils
    • Will Bartlett- marketisation leads to popular schools:
      • Silt-shifting, offloading pupils with learning difficulties with poor results that are expensive to teach
      • Cream-skimming, selecting high ability kids who get best results and cost less to teach
    • Gilborn and Youdell- 'educational triage'- schools categorise pupils:
      • Hopeless cases (typically seen for w/c or black pupils, who are seen as lacking ability and are ignored, leading to a self-fulfilling prophecy)
      • Those who will pass anyway
      • Those with potential
      • A*-C economy- system where schools ration, focusing on pupils with the potential for 5+ C's at GCSE, boosting their league table position


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