Psychology - Memory Revision

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  • Memory
    • Bartlett 1932 - Reconstructiv Memory
    • Types of encoding - visual, acoustic and semantic
    • Brewer & Tryens - Schema 1981
    • Working Memory Model - Badeley & Hitch
    • Capacity of STM - Miller 1956
      • Seven +/- 2 items can be held in the STM
        • Primacy & Recencey
  • Slave systems of the working memory model- Phonological loop, visio
  • Bartlett 1932 - Reconsructive Memory
    • Key Studies
      • Hebb 1949 - Engrams
      • Froid 1909 - Repression
      • Miller 1956 - Memory Capacity
      • Scoville & Milner 1957 - Removed Hippocampus
      • Peterson & Peterson 1959 - Duration of STM
      • Levinger & Clark 1961 - Neutral & Negative word recall
      • Baddeley 1966 - Multistore Model (encoding)
      • Glancer & Cunitz 1966 - Primacey & Recencey
      • Atkinson - Shiffrin 1968 - Multistore Model
      • Loftus & Palmer 1974 - Eyewitness Study (car crash)
      • Baddeley & Hitch 1974 - Working Memory Model
      • Goddens & Baddeley 1975 - Memory Recall (land & water)
      • Baddeley & Hitch 1977 - Rugby Club Study (Pro-active & Retro-active)
      • Brewers & Tryens 1981 - Office Items Recall
      • Maguire et al 2000 - taxi drivers
      • Clive Wearing - Amnesia
  • Cognitive Approach (Buzzwords)
    • Schema - Brewers and Tryens 1981
    • Computer Analogy - Processing Power (STM), Hard Drive (LTM)
    • Encoding - Storage - Retrieval (evidence)
    • Thought Processes, Perception, Attention
  • Biological Approach
    • Engram
    • Location in the Brain
      • Pre frontal cortex (STM)
      • Hippocampus (LTM)
        • HM study - removed his hippocampus
      • Evidence from Maguire et al 2000. Scoville & Milner 1957. Clive Wearing
    • Anxiety, Stress and Forgetting
    • Links to Memory Model?
  • Psychodinamic Approach
    • ID, Ego & Super-ego
    • Level of Consciousnes
    • Repression & Motivated Forgetting - Levinger & Clark 1961
    • Impact on Behaviour
    • Links to Model?

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