Civil Courts

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  • Created by: Unknown26
  • Created on: 06-04-14 14:24
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  • Civil Courts
    • Stucture
      • 1. County Court
        • Will hear personal injury cases with a value less than £50k and damage to property cases with a value less than £25k, cases are usually heard by a judge.
      • 2. High Court - Queen's Bench Division, Family Division and Chancery Divisionn
        • QBD - Hears personal injury cases with a value more than £50k and damage to property with a value of more of £25k
        • FD - deals with cases involving divorce, children and medical issues
        • CD - deals with all other types of civil cases i.e. insolvency, mortgage repossession, trust property disputes, copyright, patents, trademarks, 
      • 3. Court of Appeal - Civil Division
      • 4. Supreme Court
    • Tracks
      • 1. Small Claims Track
        • Claims under £5k and these are usually heard in Country Court.
      • 2. Fast Track
        • Claims between £5k and £25k and these are usually heard in the County Court.
      • 3. Multi Claims Track
        • Claims over £25k, but can be heard either in the County Court or High Court depending on value. If less than £50k then it will be heard in the Country Court, but if over £50k it will be heard in the High Court.
    • Appeals
      • Appeals from the County Court: For claims under £25,000 the appeal route depends on the level of judge who originally heard the case: If heard by a District Judge the appeal is to a Circuit Judge. If heard by a Circuit Judge the appeal is to a High Court Judge. There is a second appeal to the Court of Appeal but appeals are only allowed in exceptional circumstances. S55 of the Access to Justice Act. For claims over £25,000 the appeal route is to Court of Appeal with a further appeal to Supreme Court.
      •        Appeals from the High Court: The first appeal is usually to the Court of Appeal. In rare cases there may be a “leap frog” procedure to the Supreme Court if the case raises a “point of law of general public importance”. From the Court of Appeal there is the chance of a second appeal to the Supreme Court.

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