City inequalities

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  • City inequalities
    • Economic structure
      • Recent deindustrialisation and population increases have changed Birmingham's economic structure. The main reasons for economic change in Birmingham are the decline in manufacturing industry and lack of investment.
      • Deprivation is a way of measuring people's access to general resources and opportunities.
      • 40% of Birmingham's population live in areas that are among the most deprived in England.
      • During 2004-2007 Birmingham was ranked as the most deprived local authority in the West Midlands
      • Sutton Four Oaks is in the top 5% of least deprived SOAs in the UK.
        • SOAs are Super Output Areas, used to look at deprivation in small areas. Each SOA is awarded a score for different aspects of deprivation. In England there are 32484 SOAs with populations of between 1000 and 3200.
      • Deprivation is high in inner city areas of Birmingham, but also exists in the suburbs.
    • Quality of life in Birmingham
      • Some migrants don't have skills/qualifications for the available jobs
      • Investment in inner city slow-limited public funding
      • Increasing population density in inner city-strain on health services
      • Provision of services-housing, schools-hasn't kept up with increasing demand
      • Available jobs often don't need specific skills/ qualifications but are short-term contracts


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