Convention on International trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

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    • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
    • International agreement between governments
    • Aim: to ensure that international trade in specimens wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival
    • 1960s: international discussion of the regulation of wildlife trade for conservation purposes was something relatively new
    • International wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billion of dollars anually and to include hundreds of millions of plant and animal specimens
    • Exploitation, trade and habitat loss etc is capable of heavily depleting their populations and even bringing some species close to extinction
    • Many wildlife species in trade are not endangered, but the existence of an agreement to ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safreguard these resources for the future
    • Accords varying degrees ofprotection to more than 35,000 speices of animal and plants
    • Drafted as a results of resolution adopted in 1963 at a mawetin gof members of ICN (The World Conservation Union)
    • Among the conservation agreements with the largest membership, with now 179 parties.


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