Churchill Continued

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  • Churchill
    • REASONS FOR WINNING THE GENERAL ELECTION
      • Atlee's government was on it's last
      • Labour's Chancellor, Sir Stafford Cripps resigned and the Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin died in 1951
      • Labours foreign and domestic policies seemed to be faltering
      • When communist North Korea invaded South Korea Britain sent troops to support America, the cost of the war had disastrous effects on Britain's economy
      • Coped badly with balance of payments crisis in 1951
      • Labours campaign was typical whereas the Tory's were more upbeat
      • Churchill used his WW2 success to prove himself
      • Promised to reduce rationing and increase housing
    • RELATION  SHIP WITH EUROPE
      • Wanted political union in Europe
      • Winston Churchill is sometimes regarded as a pro-European English leader, but even he was careful to say that a union with Europe did not mean becoming European: "We are with Europe but not of it"
      • "Linked but not combined"
      • Announced in June 1940 the 'Declaration of Union' between Great Britain and France. Churchill stated, "The two governments declare that France and Great Britain shall no longer be two nations, but one Franco-Britain Union...Every citizen of France will enjoy immediately citizenship of Great Britain; every British subject will become a citizen of France.'
    • RELATION   SHIP WITH USA
      • Considered Britain's empire and special relationship with the United States were as important as its ties to Europe
      • Churchill's dream of a Britain that could maintain its empire while advising the United States on global affairs fell apart in the 1950s and 1960s
      • 1954- President Dwight Eisenhower said that Churchill "comes closest to fulfilling the requirement of greatness of any individual that I have met in my lifetime"
      • From 1939 to 1945 Churchill and Roosevelt exchanged an estimated 1700 letters and telegrams and met 11 times
      • Helped secure vital food, oil and munitions via the North Atlantic shipping routes

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