Beethoven Sonata no. 8, mov.1 Pathetique

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  • Created by: JKing13
  • Created on: 18-02-18 10:48
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  • Beethoven Pathetique Sonata, mov.1
    • Tonality
      • The Key is C minor
      • The music modulates to a number of different keys including Eb major and F minor
      • It also modulates to unrelated keys such as E minor (at the beginning of the development section)
    • Harmony
      • Many chromatic chords and diminished 7ths
      • Distinctive perfect cadences at the end of the movement
      • There is an interrupted cadence in the introduction at bar 9
      • Use of the circle of fifths at bars 244 - 249
      • Use of augmented chords at bars 30 and 34
    • Melody
      • The music of the slow introduction is based on a short motif that is heard throughout the piece
      • There are a number of scalic passeges, such as the large chromatic scale at the end of the introduction
      • There are also arpeggios and broken chords
      • Ornaments are an important feature of the second subject in particular
    • Texture
      • The slow introduction includes many passages of homophonic writing
      • The right hand plays in octaves in the later introduction, eg. bar 5
      • There is a long, descending monophonic passage in the right hand leading into the recapitulation
      • The second subject features 'melody and accompaniment' style - better known as homophany
      • Bars 181 - 187, where the trills are in thirds
    • Tempo, metre and rhythm
      • The introduction is marked 'grave' - very slow
      • The time signature is common time
      • Dotted rhythm is an important feature of the piece
      • There are some very rapid notes (even septuplets) in bar 10!
      • Staccato crotchets are important in the Right Hand in the first subject
    • Instrumentation
      • Piano - originally 'fortepiano'
    • Structure: see book

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