Christchurch Earthquake 2011

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  • Christchurch Earthquake 2011
    • CAUSES
      • Conservative plate margin
        • Pacific Plate
        • Australian Plate
      • Magnitude 6.3 earthquake
      • Focus only 3.1 miles deep
      • Epicentre 6 miles SE of Christchurch
    • EFFECTS
      • PRIMARY
        • Killed 185 people
        • Around 2000 people injured
        • 50% of city's buildings were damaged
        • 80% of households without electricity
        • Spire of cathederal collapsed
        • Water supplies disrupted by ruptured pipes
        • Liquefaction
        • Large icebergs, the size of 20 football pitches calved into Tasman Lake
        • Earth ROSE by 1m
      • SECONDARY
        • Damaged roads = delay in services
        • 2011 census cancelled
        • 10,000 homes needed demolishing
        • 100,000 homes damaged
        • Children forced to share classrooms
        • Businesses out of action = loss of income & jobs
        • Christchurch would no longer host the rugby world cup thus not tourism
        • Total Cost: $40 BILLION
        • Flooding due to liquefaction
        • Tsunami from Tasman Lake up to 11ft
    • RESPONSES
      • SHORT TERM
        • Cared for most vulnerable
        • Chemical toilets set up for 30,000 residents
        • Ensured saftey from dangerous buildings
        • $6-7 Million international aid
        • Areas zoned (green, orange, whit & red) to clasify damage/costof repairs
      • LONG TERM
        • Paid $898 million in building claims
        • Temporary housing
        • Water & Sewage restored by August
        • Roads & Homes cleared

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