Chopin ~ Prelude no. 15 in D flat major 1838.

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  • Chopin ~ Prelude no. 15 in D flat major 1838.
    • Dynamics
      • Piece starts softly
      • Section A
        • Soft throughout. Marked sustained (sostenuto) and soft (piano).
      • Section B
        • Starts quietly (sotto voce) then crescendos to ff. Much louder than other sections.
      • Piece ends very softly (pp), smorzando towards the end (dying away)
      • Many crescendos and diminuendos
    • Melody
      • Cantabile melody lines
      • Use of rubato
      • Regular phrases
      • Falling motif
      • Section A
        • The right hand has the melody line in four bar phrases. Left hand quaver accompaniment repeated A flats (raindrops).
      • Section B
        • Melody in the left hand and G sharps in right hand. Then changed to melody in right hand to bar 60-75.
    • Texture
      • Expressive use of loud and soft pedals
      • Homophonic melody and accompaniment. Although monophonic at codetta.
      • Section A
        • Broken chordal accompaniment
      • Section B
        • Chordal accompaniment and repeated notes played in octaves in the right hand. Causes a fuller and robust sound.
    • Structure
      • Ternary form (ABA)
      • Short coda at the end lasts 8 bars.
      • Section A
        • 27 bars. And the 2nd Section A is 6 bars, (shorter return of A).
      • Section B
        • Lasts 47 bars. Long and dramatic.
    • Tonality and harmony
      • Harmony is largely diatonic
      • Uses 7ths and 9ths.
      • Section A
        • Section A is major, the key is D flat major.
      • Section B
        • Section B is minor, the key is C sharp minor. Some tonally amiguous chords.
      • Some chromatic notes.
      • Regular cadences to define keys. The music modulates to related/unrelated keys.

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