cholrera

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  • Cholera
    • From Asia
    • 40-60% of those affected died
    • Advice - whitewash walls, fumigate furniture and clothing, temporary fever hospitals set up
  • Major killer 1st epidemic killed 32,000, 2nd 69,000 third 20,000 and last 14,000
    • Cholera
      • From Asia
      • 40-60% of those affected died
      • Advice - whitewash walls, fumigate furniture and clothing, temporary fever hospitals set up
  • Symptoms - diarrhoea, vomiting, dehydration, pains in fingers etc. skin turning black and blue, breathing problems, followed by coma then death
    • Causes - linked to infected swallowed water or food contaminated which the virus could live up to two weeks in water and a week in milk, cheese and meat
      • Spread by water contaminated by excrement of victims or flies that live on it
        • 1831- 2 medical officers to St Petersburg resulted in local boards of health
          • BH- made up of medical men and magistrates
            • Appoint inspectors of food, clothing, ventilation , bedding and cleanliness - issued advice
              • Dietary advice - meat, alcohol, and vegetables
                • Used other methods to prevent catching cholera when the cause was unknown. For example, quarantine, ointments, vinegar, camphor, mustard, pepper, leeches, warm baths, castor oil, prayer
                  • Work of John Snow - very important
                    • Soho - link Broad St. pump and experiments
                      • Snows theory finally accepted in 1870

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