China one child policy 1

Population case study, China one baby policy IGCSE OCR usually a 7 mark question on this 

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • China's one child policy
    • Has it worked?
      • Yes
      • 400 million less than without the law
      • Works well in urban areas
      • FR Fallen to 1.7
      • BR- 12/1000
        • Same as UK
    • Why?
      • Huge famine - country couldn't supply for people
      • 1963- high  fertility rate of 5.8
        • 45 million born between 1966-1971
        • BR- 40 per 1000
      • Before the policies large families encouraged
        • To keep up with Chinese development in  manufacturing and agriculture
    • What happens?
      • Marriage age 20
      • One baby per couple
      • Incentives - tax breaks, free healthcare, free education
        • 5-10% pay increase to families who obey
        • Priority housing, pension & education
      • Forced abortion/ sterilization after first child
      • ‘snooper’ required to grant permission for employees to have chil
    • Problems
      • Ageing population
      • No brothers or sisters
      • 4:2:1
      • Relaxed in rural areas
      • 50 million  single men
      • Female infantcide
        • 86:100 boys to girls

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change resources »