China - rural - urban migration

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  • China - rural to urban migration
    • Triggers
      • Foreign Investment from TNCs
        • Lots of factories opened in urban areas of China
        • Created jobs
        • Ford - factory in Nanjing, near Shanghai
      • Tehnology and transport links
        • China national highway 212
          • Connects rural and urban areas
          • 4800km of road
    • Push factors
      • Higher employment
        • Industrialisation - since 1970s
        • Large number of manufacturing jobs created by foreign companies
      • Higher wages- three times higher than rural areas
      • Higher standard of living
    • Push factors
      • High unemployment
        • Machinery made agriculture more efficient
        • Fewer workers needed
      • Poverty
        • 2004 - 26.1 million people in rural areas in absolute poverty
      • Lower standard of living
        • Funded by local taxes
          • Rurak areas lack the money to improve services

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