Childhood

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  • Created by: lw121x
  • Created on: 09-05-15 11:17
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  • Childhood
    • Childhood is a social construction- created/ defined by society
      • Cultural: meanings/ words associated childhood ie. sex 16
      • Bio: rate physically develop
    • Aries
      • *Social construction *young adults *high mortality rates = economic resource
      • Art Historians support Aries mannerisms at that age right
      • 'little adults' remained well into 19th century. middle 19th mortality rate better, affluent MC = childhood
      • Also notes children WC= little adults'
    • Reason for changes
      • laws restricting paid work
      • Welfare state
      • compulsory school 1880
        • child laws ie. 1889 prevention cruelty
      • State NOW
        • 14 min age employed
        • 12 hrs a week
        • 18 school
        • nspcc protect
        • child benefit
    • March of Progress View
      • children today better cared of protected from harm with laws against labour + abuse. Parents invest in children
        • Conflict view disputes this- conflict diff social groups classes/ genders some people have more power ie. marx capitalism
    • Conflict View
      • believes march of progress false ignore inequalities
        • children diff nationalities different life chances. low birth weight = failure in third world
        • gender differences
        • ethnic differences
    • Child Liberationist view
      • want to free from adult control
        • neglect + abuse
        • control over space ie. play in areas
        • control over time ie. when to go bed
        • control over body
      • Diana Gittens age patriarchy inequalities adults and children. Power may assert adults + children
        • Critics say children too can control adults and that some adult supervision is necessary for safe guarding
        • 1/4 people leave partner fear of child abuse. patriarchy oppresses children too!
          • Critics say children too can control adults and that some adult supervision is necessary for safe guarding
    • Toxic Child hood
      • Neil Post man
        • disappearance of childhood they are getting same rights as adults ie. similar clothing and 'adult crimes' such as murder
      • Childhood shorter
        • Cultural and technological changes = damage children
        • david Cameron 2006 angered and disturbed by 'little miss naughty' childrens underwear
          • not everyone effected ie. MC less likely too deterministic doesn't look at other factors
            • Cultural and technological changes = damage children
            • disappearance of childhood they are getting same rights as adults ie. similar clothing and 'adult crimes' such as murder

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