Childhood Development

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Childhood (3-8)
    • Physical
      • Have ability to run, climb, go up and down step by placing foot one foot at a time on step.
      • Balance develops-great pressure in skipping, jumping, balancing on one leg (using climbing frames)
      • Fine motor skills- progressed to threading beads, picking flowers and using scissors . By age 6 or 7 able to complete tasks.
      • Physical growth in height and weight increase steadily, not as rapidly as at infancy.
      • Types of Play
        • Practicing- Activity or skill learning to coordinate muscles and actions. Links to physical as strengthen muscles in progress.
        • Pretending- Using imagination e.g pretend cereal box is car.Links to emotional as gets enjoyment out of pretending + improves social skills as play with others.
        • Social Learning- Children play roles they've seen e.g teachers. Links with social as children learn to play together and understand different roles.
        • Exploring- Explore objects or situations to find how things work or what happens if they touch or drop an object. Links with intellectual as learn what happens in different situations
    • Intellectual
      • Language- Own pattern of language as don't use adult language.
      • Thinking Skills- Children tend to base thinking on what things look like rather than logic. e.g may believe large pile of feathers weigh more that iron bar. Piaget called this "Pre-operational" meaning pre-logic
    • Emotional and Social Development
      • Established throughout the relationships a person forms during childhood.
      • Child forms relationship with new people e.g making friends with other children at school.
      • Gender Constancy- child knows if they're a boy/girl usually knows when they're age 2.
      • Primary Socialization- Children learn to become members of society by learning norms + values of society which they live in.
      • Norms- Social roles that apply in wider society, done by demonstrating + reinforcing appropiate social behaviour and disapproving of socially unacceptable behaviour. E,g hearing parents talk, observing how they behave and what is right and wrong.
      • Relationship with parents-Pre-school children understand important attachment figure e.g their mum
      • Relationship with friends- Young children refer to those they spend time with and share with their friends.As they get older children change definition of friend to whom they trust and does same in return.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Human Growth and Development resources »